In the economic planning of the Republic of San Marino, a very important role in recent years has been devoted to environmental protection and resource recovery. For this purpose, a strong contribution came from the reform of the whole system of waste management which was centered around a firm relationship between the population and the government of the country. The system produced by A.A.S.S.SM was designed by applying highly innovative technologies in the operational phases to provide waste collection, treatment and final disposal. It was centered to:
- Accelerate a high percentage of separate waste collection
- Avoid use of landfill
- Reduce crime phenomena associated with managing waste
- Create opportunities for the development of technology-intensive industrial sectors normally
- Improve the relationship between institutions and citizens
From a technological point of view, the new management has provided door-to-door collection of different fractions of waste for all domestic and non-domestic users, connected to a charging scheme on time using volume detection and/or weight of waste. The method put into operation in 2016 she uses dedicated containers associated with each user and the latest generation high frequency detection (R.fid) Organic push recycling glass, metals, plastics, paper and cardboard has allowed to obtain an unsorted municipal waste in very low amount to achieve a payback percentage exceeds 60%. The construction of a waste treatment plant organs canteen and garden waste and at the same time the population use this product obtained as well as the real recovery in installations for the valorization of waste materials has allowed an economic advantage and environmental management. The report describes in detail, using a series of tables and figures, waste management, equipment and methods used in the various operational phases and related costs. Considering the population of the Republic of San Marino of about 40,000 in the report will be of great benefit to any operators who wish to review based on a technological renovation waste management systems.
Following the presentation, participants will be able to discuss a waste management system with development of technical-economic wall: prevention, recovery recycling economize reuse.