Invited Session: Circular Economy

Circular Economy around the World (1 CEU)

Monday, September 25, 2017
16:45 – 17:45
Room 317

Moderator: Brigitte Mouligneau, Policy Adviser, Transition Circular Economy, OVAM (Public Waste Agency of Flanders), Belgium

Circular economy offers an alternative approach based on maximizing product and resource reusability and minimizing losses of value. It focuses on keeping resources in a continual economic loop, while retaining as much value as possible. As such, products are designed to be repaired, have high second-hand value, be upgradable, easily disassembled and transformed into new products. The transition to a circular economy hinges not only on technological advances but also on systemic organizational, societal, financial and policy innovations. A circular approach also creates important economic gains.


Romania: Municipal Solid Waste in Romania

In Romania, the responsibility for the municipal waste management is of the local public administration and of the 254 kg of municipal waste generated per person, 214 kg per person were treated and this treatment followed different methods: 5% was recycled, 12% was composted, 2% was used in cement factory and 82% was landfilled. Since 2007, Romania has been in the process of implementing regional integrated waste management systems (IWMS) with national funds and EU funds and the process is delayed, the performance of the solid waste management sector continues to be weak and the key challenges include: i) institutional arrangements suffer gaps and inconsistencies; ii) crucial supervision and enforcement capacities remain weak (monitoring and data collection are limited); iii) focus on investment has obscured cost recovery needs (most local tariffs are insufficient, even to cover recurring costs). Some economic instruments have been analyzed and proposed to be implemented in Romania starting in 2017 (for example, EPR Scheme on Packaging Waste and Penalty for Packaging Producers, Landfill tax and penalty). It is considered that the implementation of such instruments will be support the implementation of the Circular Economy in Romania after 2025.

Romania learned from the successes and mistakes done in the period 2007–2013 and the main messages are:

  • For some Easter European countries such as Romania (with a large area and large number of population), a period of seven years is not enough to implement IWMS and to reach EU targets at national level.
  • local conditions are very important and determine the period for the implementation process of IWMS (for example, geomorphology, clime, infrastructure, urban development, education, religion, population mobility, population awareness, population affordability to pay for the services).

By attending this presentation, participants will better be able to understand the trends, issues and local solutions (technical, economic, social) that should be applied in the period 2018–2025 in order to implement circular economy concept in Romania.

Alexei Atudorei, Executive President, ARMD (Romanian Waste Management Association), Romania

Alexei Atudorei

Mr. Alexei Atudorei worked for thirty years in the field of environmental protection, and in the last fifteen years has been involved in important local, regional and national projects in waste management in Romania (municipal, medical, industrial, non hazardous and hazardous waste) starting from the implementation of the UE legislation (strategies, implementation plans, technical norms) to design, construction, maintenance and operation of waste management facilities. He studied in Netherlands, France, Germany, Denmark and Japan, he has a Ph.D. on energy recovery from waste, wrote one book on Municipal Waste Management, over 90 articles in technical journals and took part, as a speaker, at over 50 congresses, seminars and workshops in Europe and USA. Starting in 2013, Dr. Atudorei became a Board Member of the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), responsible for Regional Development Network Southeast Europe, Middle East and Mediterranean.

Italy: Manage Waste in Accordance with the Circular Economy—the Experience of the Republic of San Marino

In the economic planning of the Republic of San Marino, a very important role in recent years has been devoted to environmental protection and resource recovery. For this purpose, a strong contribution came from the reform of the whole system of waste management which was centered around a firm relationship between the population and the government of the country. The system produced by A.A.S.S.SM was designed by applying highly innovative technologies in the operational phases to provide waste collection, treatment and final disposal. It was centered to:

  • Accelerate a high percentage of separate waste collection
  • Avoid use of landfill
  • Reduce crime phenomena associated with managing waste
  • Create opportunities for the development of technology-intensive industrial sectors normally
  • Improve the relationship between institutions and citizens

From a technological point of view, the new management has provided door-to-door collection of different fractions of waste for all domestic and non-domestic users, connected to a charging scheme on time using volume detection and/or weight of waste. The method put into operation in 2016 she uses dedicated containers associated with each user and the latest generation high frequency detection (R.fid) Organic push recycling glass, metals, plastics, paper and cardboard has allowed to obtain an unsorted municipal waste in very low amount to achieve a payback percentage exceeds 60%. The construction of a waste treatment plant organs canteen and garden waste and at the same time the population use this product obtained as well as the real recovery in installations for the valorization of waste materials has allowed an economic advantage and environmental management. The report describes in detail, using a series of tables and figures, waste management, equipment and methods used in the various operational phases and related costs. Considering the population of the Republic of San Marino of about 40,000 in the report will be of great benefit to any operators who wish to review based on a technological renovation waste management systems.

Following the presentation, participants will be able to discuss a waste management system with development of technical-economic wall: prevention, recovery recycling economize reuse.

Giulio Ferrari, Professor, GFambiente and A.A.S.S.SM, Italy

Giulio Ferrari

Professor Giulio Ferrari received a degree in biological sciences from the University La Sapienza in Rome. He also has a degree in clinical chemistry and microbiology from the University of Camerino. He studied agrarian and technical microbiology at the Institute of Agrarian Microbiology of Pisa. He is a professor in environmental hygiene and environmental chemistry at the University of Ferrara. Previously, he was an assistant in the laboratory of hygiene in the Province of Mantua and a researcher at the University of Pisa department of agrarian microbiology. He participated in the planning of the services of city hygiene in Italy and United Arabic Emirate, United States, Republic of Panama, Jamaica, Venezuela, and Egypt. He served as president of the GFambiente S.r.l. in which engineers, chemists, and biologists operate to answer environmental problems. He has served on many other scientific committees and is author of more than 100 scientific and technical papers in Italian and English.

China: China’s Waste Management Parks Practice of Circular Economy

During the national 11th five-year plan, the waste management level is rapidly increasing in China. The strategy is gradually changing from “give priority to waste treatment” to “circular economy to guide waste resource management”. The type and scale of waste treatment facilities increased rapidly, and so the urban waste processing rate is more than 90 percent. The government began to implement fine management, and the quality of urban environment was improved distinctly. But with the increase of treatment facilities, the “NIMBY [not in my back yard] effect” became more prominent. China’s waste management parks can design and build waste treatment facilities according to the concept of circular economy, thereby changing “NIMBY facilities” into “friendly facilities”. This presentation will introduce the developing status of China’s waste management parks, an analysis of the parks’ characteristics and the path of realizing circular economy at all levels.

By attending this presentation, participants will get better understanding of current status about circular economy in waste treatment parks in China, with data, pictures and strategical planning.

Jinghao Liu, China Urban Construction Design & Research Institute, China

Jinghao Liu

Jinghau Liu has 15 years of experience in the field of environmental sanitation and is a certificated expert/consultant.

Argentina: Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area MSW Plan

The project objective is the new territorial planning and system of treatment and final disposition of the municpal solid waste (MSW) in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires for 2030. The CEAMSE paradigm shift is to move from the idea of waste as a problem to waste as an opportunity and change from a landfill model to treatment at environmental complexes. The basis of the proposal is promoting a proactive policy of transparency, access to information and ways of relating with the local community. Strategies include investing in management systems and modern, safe and proven technologies contributing to energy generation.

Following the presentation, participants will be able to evaluate a solution for a metropolitan Area in a developing country or city.

Marcelo Rosso, Manager of New Technologies and Environmental Control, CEAMSE, Argentina

Marcelo Rosso

Marcelo Rosso has specialized professional training in Germany. He earned a scholarship on Treatment and Elimination of Urban Solid Waste, with special focus on Industrial Waste, granted by the German government, Senhor Ross is a teacher at the Postgraduate Degree on Environmental Management of the Instituto Tecnológico Buenos Aires (I.T.B.A.) since 1997. He was the associate teacher to the chair of Industrial and Hazardous Waste Management of the School of Health Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos, Argentina. Mr. Rosso has been Advisor for the Inter American Bank for the Waste Management Project in Belize. He was an advisor for the World Bank for the Waste Management Project in Cuzco, Peru. He performed analysis of tender offers for bids for management of Urban Solid Waste in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru. He conducted waste management projects in Cuzco, Peru, and oversaw the National Plan of Integral Solid Waste Management in Argentina.

Belgium: Adaptive Policy for a Circular Economy

At the World Economic Forum, OVAM (Flanders) won the Award for Circular Economy Government, Cities and Regions in 2016 for the accomplishment of its program. OVAM works in a very collaborative way with local governments, industry, non-governmental organisations, the financial world and research centers. In the cross-sectoral program “Circular Flanders” we combine innovative production and consumption methods with the introduction of new business models and ways to finance and cooperate in the circular economy. We create a society that accepts the urgency and is willing to change its vision on “use and ownership”. We focus on circular cities, circular purchasing and circular business models. OVAM will present its most innovative tactics.

Brigitte Mouligneau, Policy Adviser, Transition Circular Economy, OVAM (Public Waste Agency of Flanders), Belgium

Brigitte Mouligneau

Brigitte Mouligneau works for OVAM, the Flanders Waste Agency (Belgium). She was previously employed as the head of the Strategic Policy Office of the Flemish Government, where she was responsible for the long-term strategy of the Flemish Government (Flanders in Action 2020 Program), equal opportunities and sustainable development, public-private partnerships. Before that she was a policy advisor in international and European relations for 10 years. She began her career in European affairs, as a researcher at the service of a Member of the European Parliament, and six years as a coordinator of European exchange programs at the Faculty of Law at the University of Leuven.