SWANA

ARF Report Categories: Full List

2008 Solid Waste Managers’ Salary Survey

The municipal solid waste services industry in the United States has been estimated to be a $52 billion per year business. A significant portion of this business is directed and managed by public sector solid waste executives and managers. Public ...

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ARF
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2010 Solid Waste Managers’ Salary Survey

The municipal solid waste services industry in the United States has been estimated to be a $52 billion per year business. A significant portion of this business is directed and managed by public sector solid waste executives and managers. Public ...

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ARF
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$0.00
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Alternative Cover Systems for MSW Landfills

Published 2014
"This topic is indirectly related to the topic of subsidence impacts on final cover systems. Due to significant settling that can occur during the early years of the post-closure care period, landfill managers often ...

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ARF
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Alternative Final Cover Systems & Regulatory Post-Closure

The utilization of alternative final cover systems is an area of growing interest among landfill owners who want to avoid the problems that are associated with traditional final cover systems. The acceptance of state regulators of these alternative ...

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ARF
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Benchmarking the Performance and Costs of MSW Landfills

The SWANA Applied Research Foundation’s (ARF) Fiscal Year 2008 (FY2008) Disposal Group identified the issue of the benchmarking of municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills as one of high importance to the group. The ARF Disposal Group felt that ...

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ARF
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Beneficial Reuse of Waste-to-Energy Ash

Published 2014.
Beneficial Reuse of Waste-to-Energy Ash.
Beneficial Reuse of ash from WTE facilities should be researched, including physical characteristics, regulatory issues, separation of bottom ash and fly ash and treatment ...

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ARF
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Collection of Organic Wastes from High-Rise Buildings

The purpose of this research memorandum is to provide recycling managers with up-to-date technical and programmatic information regarding the collection of food and other organic wastes from "high-rise" apartment buildings and apartment complexes. ...

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ARF
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Comparison of Air Emissions From WTE and Fossil-Fueled Power

The one topic that seemed to have the best potential for being useful to persons in the industry would be the comparison of emissions from a modern WTE facility to those from the three most common sources of fuel for energy generation: coal, oil, ...

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ARF
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Comparison of Emissions From WTE and Coal-Fired Power Plants

Instead of being landfilled, MSW that is not recycled can be used as a power plant fuel to generate electricity. Burning MSW in a WTE power plant can enable a community to reduce the use of a fossil fuel, such as coal, to generate electricity. Using ...

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ARF
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Composting of MSW Substreams

Over the last 20 years, significant levels of waste diversion and recycling have been achieved through the implementation of residential-curbside recycling and yard-waste composting programs. For many communities, however, the diversion levels ...

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ARF
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Cost-Effectiveness of Processing C&D Wastes

In 2001, the SWANA Applied Research Foundation (ARF) was formed through the vision and commitment of a group of founding Subscriber organizations. The primary goal of the SWANA ARF is to advance the state-of-the-art of municipal solid waste ...

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ARF
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Curbside Collection of Residential Food Waste

The purpose of this research memorandum is to provide solid waste recycling managers with upto- date technical and programmatic information regarding the curbside collection of food waste from residential customers living in single-family ...

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ARF
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Dual Collection of MSW and Yard Wastes

The provision of curbside collection services for recyclables, including green wastes, has been proven to be an effective means of increasing citizen participation in municipal recycling programs. According to the United States Environmental ...

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ARF
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Economic Analysis of Landfill Gas Turbines

Microturbines are a new type of combustion turbine that can be used in stationary power generation applications. Microturbines, which were originally developed in the aerospace industry to produce auxiliary power on aircraft, are typically about the ...

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ARF
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Economic Benefits of Waste-to-Energy: Jobs Creation

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2011, the SWANA Applied Research Foundation’s (ARF) Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Group identified the issue of documenting the economic development benefits that WTE systems provide to their communities in comparison to those which ...

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ARF
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Effectiveness of MSW Landfills in Controlling Releases

This report presents the findings of a year-long research project that investigated the effectiveness of municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills in controlling releases of heavy metals to the environment. In recent years, there has been a growing ...

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ARF
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Enhance the Benefits & Reduce the Costs of WTE Facilities

Published 2013
Opportunities to Enhance the Benefits and Reduce the Costs of Waste-to-Energy Facilities

This report - developed by the SWANA Applied Research Foundation's (ARF) Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Group - presents a series of case ...

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ARF
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Food Waste Diversion Programs & Their Impacts on MSW Systems

Published April, 2016 - This report has been prepared to provide solid waste managers with up-to-date information and guidance on food waste diversion programs and their impacts on municipal solid waste (MSW) systems.

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ARF
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Greenhouse Gas Reductions

This research memorandum provides recycling program managers with up-to-date technical and programmatic information regarding the potential greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions that can be achieved through reducing the collection frequency of residential ...

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ARF
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Innovations in Waste-To-Energy Ash Management

This report, prepared in response to research topics selected by the FY2015 Applied Research Foundation Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Research Group, is a follow-on to the report published last year (April 2015) on "Beneficial Reuse of WTE Ash." The ...

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ARF
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Innovations In WTE Ash Management

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Landfill Airspace Utilization: Measurement and Management

Landfill airspace can be defined as the volume of space on a landfill site which is permitted for the disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW). This space is initially occupied by air which will eventually be displaced by the disposed waste — hence ...

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Landfill Gas Collection System Efficiencies

Landfill gas (LFG) is formed as a natural by-product of the decomposition of wastes in landfills. To recover its energy value and minimize its pollutant emissions, many landfill managers have installed LFG recovery and utilization systems. Recovery ...

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ARF
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Landfill Stormwater Runoff Standards

Landfill stormwater runoff is precipitation that reaches the surface of a landfill and is subsequently discharged from the landfill site either to a receiving water body or to a storm sewer. Stormwater regulations established by the United States ...

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ARF
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Landfill Stormwater Runoff Standards

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Moisture Measurement in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

The SWANA Applied Research Foundation’s Year 3 (FY2004) Disposal Group identified the issue of the measurement of moisture levels within municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills as one of high importance to the group. This technical memorandum has been ...

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ARF
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On-Site Treatment of Landfill Leachate

Published 2014
On-Site Treatment of Landfill Leachate

This report has been prepared to provide landfill managers with up-to-date information on conventional and advanced treatment processes that can be utilized for on-site ...

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ARF
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Options for Recycling Source-Separated Organics

This report has been prepared to provide solid waste managers with up-to-date information and guidance on options for recycling the organic fraction of the municipal solid waste (MSW) stream. This research need, which was submitted by SCS Engineers ...

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ARF
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PAYT in Large Cities with Automated Collection

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Practical Methods for Measuring Landfill Methane Emissions

Published 2013
Practical Methods for Measuring Landfill Methane Emissions and Cover Soil Oxidation
- This report was developed by the FY2013 Disposal Group Subscribers of SWANA's Applied Research Foundation to provide solid waste managers ...

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ARF
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Recycling and Disposal of Discarded Consumer Electronics

In 2001, the SWANA Applied Research Foundation (ARF) was formed through the vision and commitment of a group of founding Subscriber organizations. The primary goal of the SWANA ARF is to advance the state of the art of municipal solid waste ...

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ARF
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Revenue-Sharing Strategies for Local Government Recycling

The purpose of this research memorandum is to provide solid waste recycling managers with up-to- date technical and programmatic information regarding beneficial revenue-sharing strategies for local government recycling programs. The SWANA Applied ...

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ARF
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Single-Stream Recycling

The term “Single-Stream Recycling” refers to a process in which all recyclable manufactured materials are collected from residences and businesses in a community in a single, mixed form and subsequently separated and processed into marketable ...

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ARF
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Source Separation and Collection of Food Waste

The purpose of this research memorandum is to provide solid waste recycling managers with up-to-date technical and programmatic information regarding the source separation and collection of food waste from multi-family dwelling units for subsequent ...

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ARF
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Source-Separation and Mixed Waste Recycling Systems

Published 2013
Source-Separation and Mixed Waste Recycling Systems: A Comparative Analysis
- The SWANA Applied Research Foundation conducted a research project during FY2013 to compare the cost-effectiveness of source-separation and mixed ...

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ARF
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Source-Separation and Mixed Waste Recycling Systems

Published 2014
Source-Separation and Mixed Waste Recycling Systems: A Comparative Analysis (Expanded Version)

The purpose of this report is to provide recycling managers with up-to-date technical and programmatic information ...

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ARF
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Sustainable Funding Strategies For Local Government

The purpose of this research memorandum is to provide recycling program managers with up-to-date technical and programmatic information regarding sustainable funding strategies for local government recycling programs. The current economic downturn ...

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ARF
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The Benchmarking of Residential Solid Waste

Benchmarking can be defined as the systematic process of searching for best practices, innovative ideas, and highly effective operating procedures that lead to superior performance and then adapting those practices, ideas, and procedures to improve ...

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ARF
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The Economic Development Benefits of Waste-to-Energy Systems

The long-term availability of a cost-effective, reliable and sustainable solid waste management system is an important component of the infrastructure needed by a local community to spur economic development. The economic development benefits to ...

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ARF
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The Landfill Disposal Rates of Waste-to-Energy Communities

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2010, the SWANA Applied Research Foundation’s (ARF) Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Group identified the issue of documenting the landfill disposal rates of communities with waste-to-energy systems for comparison with other solid waste ...

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ARF
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The Long-Term Environmental Risks of Subtitle D Landfills

In 1991, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated new regulations for landfills used for the disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW). As the regulations were issued under Subtitle D of the Resource Conservation and ...

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ARF
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The Long-Term Management and Care

This report has been prepared to provide solid waste managers with up-to-date information and guidance on the long-term management and care of closed Subtitle D landfills. This research need, which was submitted by the City of Winston-Salem, North ...

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ARF
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The Solid Waste Manager’s Guide to the Bioreactor Landfill

This report has been prepared to provide solid waste managers with up-to-date information and guidance on the bioreactor landfill. A report entitled ¢wThe Solid Waste Manager¡¦s Guide to the Bioreactor Landfill¡ü was developed by the SWANA Applied ...

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ARF
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The Solid Waste Manager’s Guide To The Bioreactor Landfill

This report has been prepared to provide solid waste managers with up-to-date information and guidance on a new and exciting development in the field of solid waste management—namely, the bioreactor landfill. A significant amount of research ...

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ARF
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The Trend Toward Regional Privately-Owned Landfills

The purpose of this report is to document the trend toward the utilization of regional, privately-owned municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills in the United States and to discuss the impacts of this trend on integrated solid waste management ...

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ARF
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Waste Conversion Technologies

This report has been prepared to provide solid waste managers with up-to-date information and guidance on waste conversion technologies (WCTs). This research need, which was submitted by the Metro Waste Authority of Des Moines, Iowa, and voted on ...

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ARF
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Waste-To-Energy and the Solid Waste Management Hierarchy

The SWANA Applied Research Foundation’s (ARF) Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Group identified the issue of the waste-to-energy’s ranking in the solid waste management hierarchy as one of high importance to the group. The purpose of the solid waste management ...

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ARF
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Waste-to-Energy as a Green Solid Waste Management Option

The SWANA Applied Research Foundation’s (ARF) Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Group identified the issue of the perception and inclusion of WTE as a “green” solid waste management hierarchy as one of high importance to the group. Using the word “green” as an ...

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ARF
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