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PFAS Challenges to the Solid Waste Industry

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ARF Reports on PFAS in Solid Waste

SWANA’s Applied Research Foundation has recently completed reports that evaluate PFAS solid waste treatment technologies.

PFAS Fate and Transport in Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Facilities

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The research findings in the report are based on a literature review and an analysis of investigations of PFAS emissions from WTE facilities.

This report is available free to ARF Waste Conversion and Energy Recovery (WCER) Group subscribers. The report will be available for purchase to SWANA members and the general public in June, 2022.

Read the Executive Summary

PFAS Management and Treatment Options for Landfill Leachate

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This report provides solid waste landfill managers with up-to-date information and guidance on PFAS options for landfill leachate.

The full report is available free to ARF Foundation Disposal Group subscribers. The report will be available to members and the general public in October, 2022.

Read the Executive Summary

How Much PFAS is in Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)?

There is no standard method for establishing how much PFAS is in MSW. PFAS concentrations have been found to range from zero to more than 1,000 nanograms per gram of sample (ng/g). A value of 10 ng/g (10,000 PPT) is a good representative figure (to compare: the EPA issued a non-regulatory lifetime Health Advisory in 2016 of 70 PPT in drinking water.)

The Role of MSW Management

Municipal solid waste management is an essential public service. We acknowledge and embrace our role as environmental and public health stewards and our continued responsibility and commitment to providing a healthy and clean environment now and for future generations. To that end, SWANA supports actions and regulations that are based on credible science and developed after due consideration.

Industry Obligation to Manage PFAS

The Interstate Technology Regulatory Council identifies the following stakeholder concerns for waste management:

  • Potential PFAS contamination in recycling and compost
  • Wastewater discharges that may contain PFAS
  • Wastewater sludge and other biosolids used for soil amendments that may contain PFAS
  • Landfill leachate that may contain PFAS
  • Stormwater discharges that may contain PFAS
  • Whether PFAS cleanup methods and remedies fully protect human and ecological health
  • Whether incineration technologies prevent toxic emissions