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Library of All ARF Reports

SWANA’s Applied Research Foundation (ARF) publishes reports to inform and guide solid waste managers, regulators, and community leaders on a wide range of topics. ARF subscriber groups determine the topics for their reports. As a subscriber benefit, these groups have free access to the reports for the first year after publication. After one year, these reports are available free for SWANA members and for purchase for the general public. Here is a library of all reports, organized by the subscriber group that supported its development.

Waste Conversion and Energy Recovery Group

Fire Prevention and Control at Waste-to-Energy Facilities

Publication year: 2019. The Report examines two case studies of large-scale fires at WTE facilities.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.00

Thermal Treatment of Residual Waste: Lessons from Europe

Puiblication year: 2017. This report investigates why countries in Western Europe have embraced thermal treatment.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.00

Innovations in Waste-To-Energy Ash Management

Publication year: 2016. This report is a follow-on to the 2015 report on "Beneficial Reuse of WTE Ash."
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Beneficial Reuse of Waste-to-Energy Ash

Publication date: June 2015. Little of the nine million tons of ash from waste-to-energy plants is being recycled. This report adresses how to improve that.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Enhance the Benefits and Reduce the Costs of WTE Facilities

Publication date: Dec. 2013. Full title: Opportunities to Enhance the Benefits and Reduce the Costs of Waste-to-Energy Facilities
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Economic Benefits of Waste-to-Energy: Jobs Creation

Publication date: Dec. 2012. Original title: Economic Benefits of Waste-to-Energy: Jobs Creation and Community Development.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Waste Conversion Technologies

Publication Date: Dec. 2011. Up-to-date information and guidance on waste conversion technologies (WCTs).
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Economic Development Benefits of Waste-to-Energy Systems

Publication date: Dec. 2012. Waste-to-energy systems have the potential to strengthen local economies.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Landfill Disposal Rates of Waste-to-Energy Communities

Publication date: Dec. 2010. This report introduces a new metric: the “Landfill Disposal Index” to compare a waste-to-energy community’s landfill disposal rates with other communities.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Waste-to-Energy as a Green Solid Waste Management Option

Publication date: Dec. 2009. Full title: Waste-to-Energy as a Green Solid Waste Management Option for Non-Recycled Waste.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Waste-To-Energy and the Solid Waste Management Hierarchy

Publication date: Dec. 2008. This report ranks waste-to-energy in the heirarchy of solid waste management.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Comparison of Emissions From WTE and Coal-Fired Power Plants

Publication year: 2006. Waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities are generally more economical when compared to coal-fired power plants, but are they cleaner?
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Comparison of Air Emissions From WTE and Fossil-Fueled Power

Publication date: September 2006. Waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities are generally more economical when compared to the three most common sources of fuel for energy production, but are they cleaner?
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Disposal Group

Benchmarking the Performance and Costs of MSW Landfills

Publication year: 2017. Update to 2008 report.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.00
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Employee, Commercial Hauler, Self-Hauler Safety at Landfills

Publication date: Dec. 2020. Best practices to keep employees safe at landfills, as well as best practices that landfill managers can implement at their facilities to improve hauler safety.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.00

Alternative Final Cover Systems and Regulatory Post-Closure

Publication date: May 2017. This report provides up-to-date performance data on alternative final cover systems for landfills.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Food Waste Diversion Programs & Their Impacts on MSW Systems

Publication date: April, 2016. This report provides up-to-date information and guidance on food waste diversion programs and their impacts on municipal solid waste systems.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Alternative Cover Systems for MSW Landfills

Publication date: December 2014. This report compares alternative cover systems for closed landfills with traditional, prescribed final cover systems.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

On-Site Treatment of Landfill Leachate

Publication date: December 2014. This report is a comparative analysis of alternative and emerging technologies to effectively and reliably treat leachate with high total dissolved solids (TDS).
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Practical Methods for Measuring Landfill Methane Emissions

Publication date: December 2103. Full title: Practical Methods for Measuring Landfill Methane Emissions and Cover Soil Oxidation. There have been a number of recent breakthroughs documented in this report.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Long-Term Environmental Risks of Subtitle D Landfills

Publication date: June, 2011 (peer-reviewed). This report compiles and summarizes what is known about the risks associated with Subtitle D landfills, and introduces long-term care alternatives to manage and minimize these risks.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Long-Term Management of Closed Subtitle D Landfills

Publication date: December 2010. Non-peer-reviewed version.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Solid Waste Manager’s Guide to the Bioreactor Landfill

Publication date: December 2009. Update to the 2002 report.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Landfill Gas Collection System Efficiencies

Publication date: October 2007. This report documents what is known about actual LFG collection system efficiencies based on recent research programs, case studies, and field experience.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Trend Toward Regional Privately-Owned Landfills

Publication date: February 2007. Full title: The Regional Privately-Owned Landfill Trend and Its Impact on Integrated Solid Waste Management Systems.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Landfill Airspace Utilization: Measurement and Management

Publication date: December 2005. This report establishes measurement standards for landfill airspace utilization.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Moisture Measurement in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

Publication date: December 2004. This technical memorandum provides guidelines on techniques to determine the “in situ” levels of moisture in landfilled waste.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Landfill Stormwater Runoff Standards

Publication date: December 2004. This research memorandum provides up-to-date information regarding landfill stormwater runoff discharge standards.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Effectiveness of MSW Landfills in Controlling Releases

Publication date: November 2004. Full title: The Effectiveness of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills in Controlling Releases of Heavy Metals to the Environment.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Economic Analysis of Landfill Gas Turbines

Publication date: August 2003. Full title: Economic Feasibility Considerations Regarding Landfill Gas Microturbine Systems.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Solid Waste Manager’s Guide To The Bioreactor Landfill

Publication date: October 2002. The bioreactor landfill is an exciting new development in solid waste management.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Sustainable Materials Management Group

Resetting Curbside Recycling Programs in the Wake of China

Resetting Curbside Recycling Programs in the Wake of China

Publication date: September, 2019. Information and guidance on resetting curbside recycling in the wake of the China National Sword policy.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Mechanical Biological Treatment of Residual Waste

Publication date: January 2018. Full title: Mechanical Biological Treatment of Residual Waste: Lessons from Europe.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.00

Source-Separation & Mixed Waste Recycling Systems (Expanded)

Publish date: December 2014. Full title: Source-Separation and Mixed Waste Recycling Systems: A Comparative Analysis (Expanded Version).
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Source-Separation and Mixed Waste Recycling Systems

Publish date: December 2013. Full title: Source-Separation and Mixed Waste Recycling Systems: A Comparative Analysis.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Options for Recycling Source-Separated Organics

Publication date: December 2012. This report provides solid waste managers with up-to-date information and guidance on options for recycling the organic fraction of the municipal solid waste (MSW) stream.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Sustainable Funding Strategies For Local Government

Publication date: December 2010. This research memorandum provides up-todate technical and programmatic information regarding sustainable funding strategies for local government recycling programs.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Revenue-Sharing Strategies for Local Government Recycling

Publication date: December 2009. This research memorandum provides solid waste recycling managers with information about revenue-sharing strategies for local government recycling programs.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Composting of MSW Substreams

Publication date: December 2004. This research memorandum examines whether local waste diversion and recycling rates can be increased through the composting of municipal solid waste (MSW) substreams.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Single-Stream Recycling

Publication date: August 2003. This research memorandum provides information on single-stream recycling, which is collected in a mixed form and then separated and processed in a materials recovery facility (MRF).
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Cost-Effectiveness of Processing C&D Wastes

In fiscal year (FY) 2002, the SWANA Applied Research Foundation (ARF) Disposal Group researched the cost-effectiveness of processing construction and demolition (C&D) waste and examined markets for recovered C&D materials.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Recycling and Disposal of Discarded Consumer Electronics

In fiscal year (FY) 2002, the SWANA Applied Research Foundation (ARF) Disposal Group researched the state-of-the-art and current research findings for recycling and disposal of discarded consumer electronics.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Collection Group

Curbside Collection of Residential Yard Waste

Publication date: August 2018. Full title: Service Options for the Curbside Collection of Residential Yard Waste.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.00

PAYT in Large Cities with Automated Collection

Publication date: July 2016. Full title: Implementing PAYT in Large Cities with Existing Automated Collection Systems.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Collection of Organic Wastes from High-Rise Buildings

Publication date: December 2012. Full title: Collection of Organic Wastes from High-Rise Buildings and Apartment Complexes.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Greenhouse Gas Reductions through Reduced Recycling

Publication date: December 2011. Full Title: Greenhouse Gas Reductions through Reducing the Frequency of Residential Recyclables Collection Services.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Curbside Collection of Residential Food Waste

Publication date: December 2008. This research memorandum provides up-to-date inforamtion about collecting food waste from single-family households.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

The Benchmarking of Residential Solid Waste

Publication date: December, 2008. Full title: The Benchmarking of Residential Solid Waste Collection Services.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Dual Collection of MSW and Yard Wastes

Publication date: January 2007. This research memorandum provides up-to-date inforamtion on the benefits and risks of the dual collection of yard wastes and regular household wastes.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

Source Separation and Collection of Food Waste

Publication date: September 2006. Full title: Source Separation and Collection of Food Waste from Multi-Family Dwellings
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

ARF Publications - Other

2010 Solid Waste Managers’ Salary Survey

Publication date: May 2011. In 2009–2010, SWANA surveyed public sector waste managers and other public sector organizations with the goal of reporting on compensation and benefits.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99

2008 Solid Waste Managers’ Salary Survey

Publication date: April 2009. In 2007, SWANA surveyed public sector waste managers and other public sector organizations with the goal of reporting on compensation and benefits.
Member Price: $0.00
Non-Member Price: $99.99